Precisely, the topic The United States and the system of continental domination 200 years after the Monroe Doctrine was presented by Dr. Jorge Hernández Martínez, from the Cuban Center for Hemispheric and U.S. Studies, during the 5th International Conference For the Balance of the World, which ran in Havana until January 28.
Hernandez Martinez pointed out the roots of the U.S. behavior towards neighboring nations in the contributions of Theodore Roosevelt, who legitimized the “right” of the U.S. to act as “international police force” in America or in any part of the world where “the rules of a civilized society” were relaxed.
It also had an impact on the design of its policies towards the region, the “good neighborliness,” an initiative presented by the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration in 1933, and preceded by the diplomacy of the dollar, the gunboats and the Big Stick.
In the case of the Monroe Doctrine, this policy had an important moment of institutional expression with the appearance of the Inter-American Defense Board and the Organization of American States (OAS), instances that have revealed the yoke of the North American country in the hemisphere as a system of multiple domination.
In the 20th century, there was a first adjustment of this system after the Great Depression of 1929 to 1933, when the British Empire was displaced in the progressive process taking place since the First World War, and the U.S. strengthened its position in the design of imperialism, Hernández Martínez pointed out.
A second adjustment took place with the triumph of the Cuban Revolution, a context in which the Alliance for Progress appeared, promoted by John F. Kennedy with the purpose of “advising” the Latin American peoples so that the example of Cuba would not be repeated.
The effects of the collapse of socialism in Eastern Europe and the disintegration of the Soviet Union led once again to a rearrangement of international dynamics, he added. The Unied States was faced with the need to build a new enemy.
The four pillars of imperialism were redefined: the economic (neoliberal model), the political (neoliberal democracy), the military (coups d’état) and the cultural/ideological, strengthened in the digital space.
REVOLUTIONS AGAINST BALANCE
The analysis of the logic of capital and its revolutionary transformation for social change in the world also concentrated the analysis of the event.
In the panel Democracy and citizen participation vs. globalization, the Master of Science Rosario Pentón Díaz, rector of the Ñico López Higher School of the Communist Party of Cuba, shared the influence of the thinking of great intellectuals in transforming leaders such as Commander in Chief Fidel Castro Ruz, who took José Martí as an example of creator and humanist.
Doctor of Science Frédéric Boccara, from La Sorbonne, a historic French university, explained that a new form of domination of capital is currently being manifested, with excesses to obtain profits and colonize the peoples.
This permanent crisiscannot be solved within the limits of the capitalist system, a certainty in the face of which the empire is colonizing by means of five aspects: information, ecology, finance, demography and military force, he explained.
Robson Santiago da Silva, from the Pontifical University of São Paulo, called for regional integration, since the unity achieved with UNASUR, MERCOSUR and CELAC, revealed that it was possible to include the problems of our peoples in the agendas of the cooperation mechanisms.